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Burgenland in Austria

Austria
B

urgenland is located in the east of Austria and the capital city is Eisenstadt. Of the nine states in Austria it is the most easterly and the smallest in terms of its population. Burgenland is bordered by Slovakia to the east, Hungary to the south, two Slovenian municipalities and in the west by Styria and Lower Austria.

The climate is far less affected by the Atlantic and Mediterranean climates of western Austria. Burgenland is therefore a relatively dry and very warm area.

The Austrian province offers a colourful picture of history and respective development which is affected by natural geographic and climatic conditions as well as political and historical influences.  

Eisenstadt Austria | AdventureAustria

Among the top 10 characteristics of the Burgenland include:

1. The climatic and geographical conditions including the meeting of the Alps and Lowlands and the continental, Atlantic and Mediterranean climate.

2. The villages and the lack of large cities combined with a functioning coexistence of different ethnic and religious groups.

3. The number of hot springs and mineral waters and reputation as an area with excellent wines.

4. The Burgenland Festival and for such a small county with an unusually large musical tradition.

5. For centuries, even millennia the unprecedented border situation including four decades close to the Iron Curtain.

6. The corridor function of this region with ancient trade routes, such as the Bernsteintraße.

7. Burgenland is after Vienna the second youngest province of Austria and the only territory of Austria that was gained after the 1st World War.

8. Burgenland is a county whose eponymous cities are all outside the county.

9. Burgenland is the only state whose name was redeemed during the Nazi period.

10. Burgenland is Austria’s only Objective 1 region.

Quick history

When the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria-Hungary fell apart in 1918, they claimed the newly established State of German Austria, among other German-speaking part of western Hungary for themselves. The acquisition of Burgenland in Austrian administration took place in the autumn of 1921. After the annexation of Austria to Nazi German Empire in 1938, and the respective takeover of the dictator Hitler, parts of the state fell into the German Empire. After the end of World War II in 1945 and the re-establishment of the Republic of Austria, Burgenland re-emerged as a state again. Until 1955 it was in the Soviet zone of occupation and right up until 1989, its Eastern border was on the Iron Curtain.

A small selection of hotels and lodging

Winzerhof Schindler, Kinogasse 9, 7072 Mörbisch

Weinek wine and Kellerstöckl, Dorf 28, 7522 Heiligenbrunn

Arkadenweingut Guesthouse, Upper Main Street 20, 7142 Illmitz

Mörbischer Hofgassl House, High Street 36a 7072 Mörbisch

Burgenland card

Around 100 suppliers grant you as the owner of a Burgenland Card free admission and many additional discounts. Included are many spas, the National Park Neusiedler, castles and palaces including the Esterházy Palace, the Family Park and dozens of other attractive destinations and museums.

Eating and drinking

Burgenland cuisine and the culture of wine isn’t famous for nothing. The many awarded, authentic restaurants serve hearty, culinary delights. Dishes from the German, Croatian and Hungarian cuisine can be found in many well-renowned restaurants – a combination that tastes great!

A small selection of restaurants

Altes Brauhaus – The house, with its vaulted ceilings and the panelled dining rooms offers a unique ambience and is now a listed building. The shaded courtyard with sandstone fountain invites cyclists and pilgrims to rest and relax.

The Reisinger at Lake Neufeld – A modern design restaurant with 4-star rooms and versatile conference facilities.

Burg Güssing Restaurant – Traditional menus such as Medieval Banquets.

The regions of Burgenland

Everyone, young or old, big or small can enjoy a canoe ride on the River Raab to satisfy their desire for peace, relaxation and adventure. With the assistance of an expert tour guide even beginners will be paddling within a few minutes. The diverse flora along the shores of the Raab includes among others, seven different willow species. Watch as the kingfishers, sandpipers, herons and wild ducks cross your path. Let the play of light in the trees and the glint of the sun on the rippling water forget your daily worries of everyday life.

Lake Neusiedl

The Neusiedler Lake is a vast lake and a unique nature reserve in the provincial capital Eisenstadt with cultural monuments and the famous Esterházy castle.  With a mild climate including more than 2,000 hours of sunshine a year it is also a haven for water sports enthusiasts. Whether surfing, sailing or paddle boarding, just about anything is possible. Those who prefer to stay on dry land will find a 970 km wide cycle network, spread over 29 cycling routes. And kids will enjoy a visit to the Lake Neusiedl Family Park. Among the cultural highlights of the year include the well-known Opera Festival of St. Margaret, the Mörbisch Lake Festival and of course the Haydn Festival in Eisenstadt.

Central Burgenland

One might almost think that the sun was in love with central Burgenland, because here it not only shows up earlier and more often, but also lingers longer than in other regions. The region is also rightly called “Sonnenland” (sun land). The countryside consists of gentle rolling hills, idyllic orchards and vineyards, extensive hardwood forests and wide sweeping fields. For culture lovers, the region is best known for Franz Liszt – one of the great figures of global music history. He was born in Raiding where a museum and a concert hall remember him. Other attractions in the region include the Lockenhaus, Lackenbach Castle, Kobersdorf Castle and the Inland lake castle ruins, once the largest fortification in Central Europe. The sporting facilities in Sunny ‘Mittelburgenland’ are versatile with golfing and family holidays popular in Lutzmannsburg. There are also numerous climbing ropes courses or bike rides on the well-built cycle paths. Central Burgenland is most associated with wine and in summer, many wine festivals and wine tastings take place.

Southern Burgenland

Southern Burgenland offers an enchanting landscape, a touch of originality refined with the best spas, many natural and recreational possibilities rounded off with fine wines and regional specialties and lots of sunshine.

The idyllic hilly landscape is ideal for hiking, cycling and e-biking, running, Nordic Walking and golfing. For accommodation there is much variety including a unique wine cellar in the middle of a vineyard, private family accommodation and 5-star wellness hotels.

In Southern Burgenland the long evenings invite you to sit together at the tavern and enjoy red wine from the region with a delicious snack. On the menus you will find the full range of natural products. Regionalism is always the base of all cuisine and the best of the German, Croatian and Hungarian dishes blend in a mouth-watering way. Add to that wineries, vineyards and wine shops the region is well loved for food and wine connoisseurs alike.

 

See also the top attractions and things to do in Burgenland.

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