AdventureAustria is an independent English owned travel and events agency based in the Tyrolean town of Lienz in south Austria.
We’ve put together the following travel guides to help visitors get the most out of their holiday in Austria. Whether you are planning only to stay in Lienz or planning to venture on to other parts of Austria, you’ll be sure to find some useful information here.
Tourist attractions in Salzburg
Below is a selection of the most popular and most beautiful tourist attractions in Salzburg:
1. The Hohensalzburg Fortress
2. Come and rock me Amadeus! In the footsteps of Mozart.
3. Salzburg Cathedral
5. The House of Nature
The Hohensalzburg Fortress was built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard. Today it is regarded as one of the largest fully preserved fortresses in central Europe and is without doubt one of the most visited tourist attractions in Salzburg.
Well worth seeing are the medieval ‘Princes’ apartments and the Fortress Museum. The Hohensalzburg Fortress can be easily reached using a funicular railway from the Festungsgasse. During the 15th and 16th century, at the time of the Hungarian War, the Archbishops resided there to protect the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach expanded the fortress to its present-day appearance. The interior was richly decorated: intricate Gothic carvings and ornamental paintings decorated the Golden Hall and the Golden Chamber. The Fortress acted as a defence system for years as well as a temporary residence for Princes and Archbishops. It also served as a barracks and a prison. Today, the Hohensalzburg Fortress is is open throughout the year for tourists to visit.
Mozart’s Birthplace – probably one of the most famous attractions in Salzburg.
Whoever wants to embark on a journey following the footsteps of Mozart should visit ‘ Hagenauer House’ (No. 9 Getreidegasse). The Mozart family lived on the third floor for twenty-six years. At this address on the 27 January 1756, their famous son, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born. The house itself is named after its owner, a friend of Mozart, Johann Lorenz Hagenauer. On the 15 June 1880 the International Mozarteum Foundation was established – the first museum at Mozart’s birthplace. Over the last few decades this has been systematically rebuilt and expanded.
Visitors can experience at Mozart’s birthplace the flair of the original Mozart rooms in which today, historical instruments, documents, memorabilia and the majority of his lifetime portraits are on display. You can also see some works from Mozart’s brother Joseph Lange, including a 1789 unfinished oil painting titled ‘ Mozart on the piano’. Amongst some of the other special exhibits is Mozart’s childhood violin as well as portraits and family letters. The second floor of Mozart’s birth house stands under the motto ‘Mozart in the Theatre’. Visitors can experience numerous miniature stages demonstrating Mozart’s history of the opera.
The Mozart Residence was first mentioned in documents in 1617. In 1711 the residence was used for dance lessons for nobles. The house then was given the name ‘Tanzmeisterhaus’. In December 1765 the Mozart family discussed for the first time whether to look for a larger residence. After numerous viewings, the Mozart’s moved to their new residence on Makartplatz 8. The spacious apartment was large enough for encounters with friends and musicians. In 1989 the International Mozarteum Foundation acquired the building. The ‘Tanzmeistersaal’ (dancing hall) was then used for museum purposes.
The Salzburg cathedral is one of the most significant religious buildings in the city as well as being a spiritual centre. Salzburg Cathedral presents itself as an impressive early Baroque edifice with its magnificent façade and mighty dome.
Throughout its history, it was destroyed by numerous fires and rebuilt, enlarged and expanded. The first cathedral was built by Bishop Virgil, in the year 767. The building of the cathedral was dedicated to Petrus and Rupert the Holy. In 1167 a major fire completely destroyed the cathedral. It took several years before it was eventually completely rebuilt even more magnificent and more impressive than before. 400 years later on the 11 December 1598, another major fire destroyed large parts of the cathedral. During the war in 1944, a bomb destroyed the dome and a part of the chancel. The necessary renovations were carried out and the cathedral once again consecrated into its former glory in 1959. Among some of the treasures in the cathedral of Salzburg include the lion’s sculpture, the font where Mozart was baptized, the main organ surrounded by angels playing instruments as well as the magnificent cathedral entrance portals.
In 1612, one of the most magnificent Renaissance buildings north of the Alps was erected: the Hellbrunn Palace with its spacious park and unique water features.
The water features were from the beginning of the build, an important design element for the castle. Water fountains and ponds are hidden in the shade of bushes and trees or spurt out from unexpected hiding places. Visitors to the water fountains today can experience an almost unchanged form of the past. Some of the water highlights include the mysterious and mystical caves, the water powered figures and spurting fountains from just about every nook and cranny. The gods and heroes statues in the park of castle date from the 17th century. The natural quarry on the grounds transformed to a stage over the years – the oldest open-air stage in Europe.
In the House of Nature visitors can expect a museum around the theme of nature and technology. Areas include an aquarium with 40 display tanks along with regular fish feeding, 56 terrariums with reptiles and amphibians, a dinosaur hall, an exhibition space, the world of crystals, a journey through the human body as well as a science centre with numerous experimental stations.
Especially popular is the aquarium, which is rightly regarded as one of the most beautiful in Central Europe. More than 40 display tanks offer insight into the magic underwater world. If you want to, you can witness the feeding of sharks. In over fifty terrariums, visitors can experience local snakes and venomous snakes from all continents. Also at home here are water and land turtles, lizards, giant frogs and Mississippi alligators.
In its own exhibition hall awaits a space city of the future with vivid representations of our planetary system and the structure of the universe as well as a full-size Mercury space capsule, which the Americans used for the first space flights in the 60s.
The New Science Centre in the House of Nature impresses with a colourful variety of exciting experiments including an interactive journey through the human body. Another exhibition includes minerals and geology.
New special exhibitions are constantly added and complement the offering already on offer. Between the individual worlds of experiences guests can relax and have lunch at the museum’s own café-restaurant.
For more tours and attractions in Salzburg, be sure to check out city-discovery.com.